Science Alphabetical Glossary

A

1) Asexual Reproduction: One parent reproduces an offspring by itself.

2. Asteroid/Meteoroid: Rocks in space.

3.Air pressure/Barometric pressure: weight of air pressing down on a location

C

1) Centimeter: A metric unit; 100 centimeters makes a meter.

2) Characteristics of living organisms:

*Made of cells with DNA,

*Reproduce,

*Respond to the environment,

*Use energy,

*Grow and develop.

3) Celsius: The metric system measurement of temperature; below 0° water freezes, above 100° water boils.
4) Cytoplasm: Liquid or gel-like material inside the cell.

5) Cell wall: Protects the cell & holds the cell’s shape.

6) Cell membrane: Controls what materials pass into or out of the cell.

7) Cell division/Mitosis/Fission: The process where a parent cell copies its DNA and divides into two daughter cells.

8) Classification: Putting items into categories based on characteristics.

9. Comet: a loose of collection of ice, dust and rock particles.

10. Conduction:transfer of heat from one substance to the substance next to it

11.calorie:the unite to measure the amount of energy in food

D

1) DNA: It is located in the cells of organisms; it controls what the cells and organisms will become.

2) Density:the amount of mass in a certain volume

3.digestive system:the body system where foodis mechanically digested in the moth,and chemically digested in the stomach,then nutrients are absorbed into the blood in the small large intestines

E

1) Eukaryotes: Organisms that have a nucleus in their cells.

2) Ecosystem: A system of biotic and abiotic things that interact with each other in an environment

F

1) Flagella: Whip-like structures that help the cell move.

2. Fat : fats are also nutrients that provides energy and helps the body digest the certain vitamins but can be also unhealthy if one eats too much.

G

1) Genes: Pieces of DNA that control a certain trait.

2) Galaxy: a huge group of stars.

3) Gravity:an attractive force between two objects

H

1) Hypothesis: An educated prediction that can be tested by using an experiment. Also, it is a prediction about what will happen in an experiment.

2) Heterotroph: a organism that eats

3) Habitat: A place where there is shelter and food

4) Humidity: amount of moisture in the air (measured in %)

I

1) Inference: Something that you can not observe, but that you can figure out based on your observation.

J

K

L

M

1) Metric system:  A system of measurement used in every country except 3 of them, and used by all scientists.

2) Meter: A metric unit for the measuring length based on the size of the Equator.

3) Multicellular: An organism with more than one cell

4) Millimeter: A small unit of a metric measurement; ten of them make a centimeter.

5) Moon: orbits around a planet

6) Meteor: a meteoroid burning in the earth’s atmosphere

7) Meteoroid: a meteor that lands on earth’s surface

8) Mass:the amount of matter in an object

9)Metabolism:how quicly your body uses calories that you eat

N

1) Nucleus: cell part that controls most cells

2) Nebula: a cloud a of gas in space

O

1) Organism: A living thing

P

1) Prokaryotes: Organisms that do not have a nucleus

2) Planet: a sphere that orbits a star

3) Precipitation: solid or liquid water falling from the atmosphere

4. Protein: a nutrient that makes up the cells of all living organisisms.

5.Protein:A nutrient that makes up the cells of all living organisms

Q

1) Quantitative observations: An observation about a characteristic without numbers

2) Qualitative Observation: An observation about a characteristic without numbers

R

1) Reproduce: Makes more of that same organism

2) Revolution: orbiting around another object

3) Rotation: spinning on its axis

4) Rocky planet: solid surface

5) Radiation: transferring heat through waves

S

1) Sexual reproduction: When two parents create an off-spring with half the DNA from each parent

2) Star: a huge sphere of burning gases

3) Solar System: includes stars, planets that orbits around the star

T

1) Temperature: amount of heat energy in a substance (measured in C)

U

1) Unicellular: single-celled organism

2) Universe: everything

V

1) Volume: the amount of space taken up by an object

W

X

Y

Z

 1/2 Words by Reginald Osei Asiamah

16 Responses to Science Alphabetical Glossary

  1. jayson says:

    where is the words you did today

  2. ERICA says:

    hee hee=)

  3. Thank you Reginald but please update the new words we have in our glossary

  4. favour says:

    nice one alisha

  5. If you go to “Glossary by Topic, then you will see the words I am updating. I am only updating some of the words here.

  6. NO more comments jumping on the bed. So annoying. “.”

  7. What the hell am I spposed to do and I’m like YEAH!

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